kidney transplant Surgery is a very complex procedure; in which a healthy (donor) kidney is implanted in a patient suffering from end stage kidney disease. This will result in recovering from the kidney failure and leading a healthy normal life.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the spine just below the rib cage. Each is about the size of a fist. Their main function is to filter and remove waste, minerals and fluid from the blood by producing urine.
When your kidneys lose this filtering ability, harmful levels of fluid and waste accumulate in your body, which can raise your blood pressure and result in kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease). End-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability to function normally.
Kidney Transplant surgery is performed by a multidisciplinary team that consists from Nephrologists, Vascular surgeons, Urologists and supporting staff. Extensive planning for both donor and recipient is of utmost importance to guarantee the best results and longest graft survival. Kidney Transplant is performed both in adults and children. Centers with high volume cases offer the best results as proven by medical studies.
You may need to have tests to see how well the donor kidney matches your tissue type and blood type. A close tissue match reduces the chances that your body will reject the donor kidney. You will also be evaluated to make sure that you do not have significant heart or lung disease or other diseases, such as cancer.
The donor kidney usually begins to function right away. In most cases, diseased or damaged kidneys are not removed. After transplant; recipients will have a normal healthy life, but they will need to stay on an extensive medication regimen with close follow-up for life.