Treatment of PAD is tailored to every patient based on so many factors. For instance, an intervention will be based on age, chronicity, complaints, and previous procedures.
Surgical interventions; as bypass surgery, in which a graft is used to bypass the affected segment, have long-lasting results and are preferred for younger patients or patients who failed other treatment modalities. Surgical interventions are superior to other modalities, but they require general anesthesia, longer in-hospital stay, and longer recovery time.
Endovascular Interventions; as balloons and stents. The artery is dilated with a balloon and may require a metal stent to keep it open. Endovascular interventions are favored in elderly patients. It does not require general anesthesia and has a shorter in-hospital stay and recovery period. In general Endovascular interventions are more expensive than their surgical counterparts.