A kidney transplant camera is surgery to put a healthy (donor) kidney into your body. You may need to have tests to see how well the donor kidney matches your tissue type and blood type. A close tissue match reduces the chances that your body will reject the donor kidney. You will also be evaluated to make sure that you do not have significant heart or lung disease or other diseases, such as cancer.
The donor kidney usually begins to function right away. In most cases, diseased or damaged kidneys are not removed unless you have a severe infection of the kidney (pyelonephritis), kidney cancer, nephrotic syndrome, or extremely large polycystic kidneys.