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Arterial thrombosis

Arterial thrombosis (Blood clot) or acute limb ischemia is a blood clot formed in an artery. As a result, it could be very serious as it can stop blood from reaching important organs. This sudden loss of blood flow may result in organ death, such as a kidney or a limb.
Blood clots form when platelets (blood components) and plasma proteins thicken, forming a semisolid mass. Arterial clots block blood and oxygen from reaching your vital organs. They can lead to tissue damage and death.
Arterial Thrombosis can occur in your legs (peripheral arteries). Sometimes, they happen in your brain, where they can lead to stroke. They could also form in your heart, where they can cause a heart attack.
Arterial clots can also take root in your kidneys, intestines, or eyes, though this is rare.
Time is very important in this condition, as cells start to die within 6 hours of mal-perfusion and so the patient should seek emergent medical attention to save the affected organs. Contact your nearest emergency department or contact us if you suspect this condition.

Symptoms:

  • Sudden Cold arm or leg
  • Muscle pain or spasm in the affected area
  • Numbness  in your arm or leg might be due to a blood clot in the brain or the limb
  • Weakness of the affected limb
  • Loss of color in the affected limb
  • Sudden abdominal pain

Risk factors

  • Smoking
  • Hypertension
  • Hypercoagulable status
  • Heart diseases
  • Previous thrombosis
  • Elicit drugs or drug abuse

Treatment

  • Surgical Thrombectomy; where the thrombus is removed through a small opening in the artery. As a result, the blood flow returns immediately. This method is good for very acute cases, it has the lowest cost but needs a longer recovery time.
  • Endovascular thrombolysis; where a clot-busting drug is delivered inside the thrombus via a catheter. This is used for sub-acute thrombosis as it takes a longer duration and higher cost.
  • Endovascular Mechanical Thrombectomy; where a device is inserted into the artery through a needle hole and the thrombus is broken and removed. Angio-jet Device is one of the most commonly used methods. This allows quick removal of the thrombus, lower cost, and faster recovery.
Arterial thrombosis